Key Stage 1 Curriculum
For many years now South Cave School has worked hard to produce a curriculum entitlement for all our children, which is broad, balanced and progressive.
We have determined, in line with the National Curriculum and the Primary Strategy, a content which is to be taught; giving a clear and shared understanding to all teachers of the skills and knowledge that our children will gain during their seven years at our school.
We have produced three booklets to accompany the individual pupil’s report to parents. These booklets are intended to give parents an overview of the skills, knowledge and topics experienced by the majority of the pupils in the different year groups, thereby allowing teachers to make more specific comments regarding the individual child’s success in achieving these areas of learning.
Comments are made regarding application and achievement of key skills appropriate for each year group. The skills include the ability to communicate effectively, to develop the application of number, the use of information technology in its many forms, and the ability to work with others. The children are encouraged to seek effective ways to improve their learning and performance, whilst developing increasing complex problem solving skills.
The Key Stage 1 curriculum builds upon the learning experience in the Foundation stage.
This curriculum is described in six Areas of Learning which follow the Foundation Stage model:
- Personal, Social and Emotional Development - Core Theme 1 Health & Well Being, Core Theme 2 Relationships, Core Theme 3 Living in the Wider World
- Communication, Language and Literacy
- Mathematical Knowledge
- Knowledge and Understanding of the World
- Physical Development Creative Development
The Areas of Learning are our chosen description for the broad lines of development which feature in a rounded education. They are the framework for teachers to plan, deliver and review the learning environment, activities and experiences for the curriculum with which our children engage. They are not discreet elements taught separately or in isolation from each other.
We have grouped the traditional subject comments under the six areas of learning, to show that we will continue to ensure the key subject knowledge and skills are taught.
Communication, language and literacy
English is a vital way of communicating in school. In studying English pupils develop skills in speaking and listening and reading and writing. It enables them to express themselves creatively and imaginatively and to communicate with others.
In English during Key Stage 1 pupils learn to speak confidently and to listen to what others have to say. They begin to read and write independently and with enthusiasm. They use language to explore their own experiences and imaginary worlds.
Pupils learn to speak clearly, thinking about the needs of their listeners. They work in small groups and as a class, joining in discussions and making relevant points. They also learn to listen carefully to what other people are saying, so that they can remember the main points. They learn to use language in imaginative ways and express their ideas and feelings when working in role and in drama activities.
Reading during Key Stage 1.
Pupils’ interest and pleasure in reading is developed as they learn to read confidently and independently. They focus on words and sentences and how they fit into whole texts. We help the pupils to read with fluency, accuracy, understanding and enjoyment, the pupils are taught to use a range of strategies to make sense of what they read.
During Key stage 1 these will include:
- Phonemic awareness and phonic knowledge.
- Grammatical awareness.
- Contextual understanding.
- Pupils will be taught to read both for pleasure and enjoyment.
Writing during Key Stage 1
During Key Stage 1 pupils will start to enjoy writing and see the value of it. They will learn to communicate meaning in narrative and non-fiction texts and begin to spell and punctuate correctly. They will begin to plan their written work and begin also to start drafting. During this period of schooling they will begin to develop a legible, joined handwriting and be encouraged to produce their work in neat and well presented manner.
During Key Stage 1 pupils develop their knowledge and understanding of mathematics through practical activity, exploration and discussion. They learn to count, read, write and order numbers to 1O0 and beyond. They develop a range of mental calculation skills and use these in different settings. They learn about shape and space through practical activity, which builds on their understanding of their immediate environment. They also begin to grasp mathematical language, using it to talk about their methods and explain their reasoning when solving problems. They start to develop an understanding of patterns and properties of simple shapes, as well as encountering the properties of position and movement. The importance measure has in weight and time is also introduced in Key Stage 1.
Knowledge and understanding of the world
During Key Stage 1 pupils observe, explore and ask questions about living things, materials and phenomena. They begin to work together to collect evidence to help them answer questions and to link this to simple scientific ideas. They evaluate evidence and consider whether tests or comparisons are fair. They use reference materials to find out more about scientific ideas. They share their ideas and communicate them using a scientific language, drawings, charts and tables.
Design and technology.
During Key Stage 1 pupils learn how to think imaginatively and talk about what they like and dislike when designing and making. They build on their early childhood experiences of investigating objects around them. They explore how familiar things work and talk about, draw and model their designs. They learn how to design and make safely and are introduced to the use of ICT as part of their designing and making. They are encouraged to select and use simple tools safely.
During Key Stage 1 pupils learn about peoples lives and lifestyles. They find out about significant men, women and children and events from the recent and more distant past, including those both from Britain and the wider world. They listen and respond to stories and use sources of information to help them ask and answer questions. They learn how the post is different from the present. They begin to gain an appreciation of the passage of time and are able to start to place events and objects in simple chronological order.
During Key Stage 1 pupils investigate their local area and a contrasting area in the United Kingdom or abroad, finding out about the environment in both areas and the people who live there. They also begin to learn about the wider world. They carry out geographical enquiry inside and outside the classroom. In doing this they ask geographical questions, about people, places and environments and use geographical skills and resources such as simple maps and photographs.
Art and Design
During Key Stage 1 pupils develop their creativity and imagination by exploring the visual, tactile and sensory qualities of materials and processes. They learn about the role of art, craft and design in their environment. They begin to understand colour, shape and space and pattern and texture and use them to represent their ideas and feelings. They begin to learn to evaluate what they and others have done and to say what they think and feel about the work. They are encouraged to identify how they might develop similar work in the future.
During Key Stage 1 pupils listen carefully and respond physically to a wide range of music. They play musical instruments and sing a variety of songs from memory, adding accompaniments and creating short compositions, with increasing confidence, imagination and control. They explore and enjoy how sounds and silence can create different moods and effects.
During Key Stage 1 pupils build on their natural enthusiasm for movement, using it to explore and learn about their world. They start to work and play with other pupils in pairs and small groups. By watching, listening and experimenting they develop their skills in movement and coordination and enjoy expressing and testing themselves in a variety of situations, these could include games, gymnastics, and dance.
Personal, social and emotional development
During Key Stage 1 pupils learn about themselves as developing individuals and as members of their communities, building on their own experiences and on the early learning goals for Personal Social and Emotional development. They learn the basic rules and skills for keeping themselves healthy and safe and for behaving well. They have opportunities to show that they can take responsibility for themselves and their environment. They begin to learn about their own and other people's feelings and become aware of the views, needs and rights of other children and older people. As members of a class and school community, they learn social skills such as how to share, take turns, play, help others resolve simple arguments and resist bullying. They begin to take active part in the life of their school and its neighbourhood. Circle time and Seal activities play an important part in this aspect of school life.
Throughout Key Stage 1, pupils explore Christianity and other principal religions. They learn about different beliefs about God and the world around them. They encounter and respond to a range of stories, artefacts and other religious materials. They learn to recognise that beliefs are expressed in a variety of ways and begin to use specialist vocabulary.
They begin to understand the importance and value of religion and belief, especially for other children and their families. Pupils ask relevant questions and develop a sense of wonder about the world, using their imaginations. They talk about what is important to them and others, valuing themselves, reflecting on their own feelings and experiences and developing a sense of belonging.
Information and Communication Technology.
During key Stage 1 pupils explore ICT and learn to use it with increasing confidence. They start to use I CT to develop their ideas and record their creative work. They become familiar with hardware - computers, interactive whiteboards multimedia projectors and a range of software programs. ICT is increasingly delivered through a cross-curricular approach at South Cave School.